What did the Apostle Paul mean about being 'all things to all people'?



(Paraphrased) Sadly, many American churches cling to buildings, music, and tradition at the expense of reaching others with the Gospel. Was this the issue in the church of Corinth that the Apostle Paul rebukes in 1 Corinthians 9:19-23?


Before looking at St. Paul’s 1st Century strategy for planting churches in cities like Corinth, The Religion Guy should say something about the 21st Century. John’s viewpoint is quite surprising. It’s possible that no prior generation has seen so many churches undertake such sweeping efforts to make Christianity appealing to the surrounding secular culture.

Since the Second Vatican Council, many venerable Catholic practices have eroded or disappeared, most notably the use of common languages rather than Latin in worship. In developing nations, churches often supplant a long-sacrosanct European heritage with indigenous practices, not just in worship styles but governance, sometimes allowing polygamy. In the West, some Protestant bodies have downplayed or formally dropped age-old doctrinal and moral tenets.

With U.S. Protestantism, especially for evangelicals, younger congregations will often shun anything that signifies “church” or “tradition” in hopes of luring seekers. Theater seats or sofas replace pews at worship. Gone are robes and collars for clergy or understood dress codes for attendees. Instead of liturgies, choirs, and pipe organs, rock bands perform under spotlights or strobe lights with eardrum-piercing amplifiers. Onscreen words replace hymnals and toted Bibles. Preachers behind Plexiglas pulpits or using roving microphones will void Bible lingo or include skids and videos. Some churches don’t pass offering plates because younger worshippers are so stingy. A few cancel worship services when Christmas falls on Sunday.

Add your own examples.

That said, let’s turn to John’s question about these words Paul sent around A.D. 55 to the church he’d recently founded in Corinth, Greece:

“Though I am free with respect to all, I have made myself a slave to all so that I might win more of them. To the Jews I became as a Jew, in order to win Jews. To those under the law I became as one under the law (though I myself am not under the law) so that I might win those under the law. To those outside the law I became as one outside the law (though I am not free from God’s law but am under Christ’s law) so that I might win those outside the law. To the weak I became weak, so that I might win the weak. I have become all things to all people, that I might by all means save some” (New Revised Standard Version translation).

Corinth was a strategic town, the bustling chief trading center for the eastern Mediterranean, located at a narrow isthmus between two saltwater gulfs. According to Jerome Murphy-O’Connor, its citizens were multicultural, “skeptical and preoccupied, but new ideas were guaranteed a hearing.” Sounds like 21st Century cities. Paul applied his “all things” approach to three groups in town:

First, he wanted to win fellow Jews, those “under the law,” to faith in Jesus as the Messiah. He didn’t require Gentiles to observe the Hebrew Bible’s requirements on ritual, diet, or circumcision of males and, though ethnically Jewish, felt no personal requirement to observe those religious laws.


Continue reading, "What did the Apostle Paul mean about being 'all things to all people'?," by Richard Ostling.

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