The BBC's internet news division stumbled badly this week in its initial report on a major meeting of Anglican church leaders in Africa. The 20 October 2013 story entitled "Archbishop of Canterbury makes Kenya detour on way to Iceland" has already had one correction and substantial alteration but the underlying premise of the story remains flawed.
It demonstrates the perils of relying on a single source in reporting the news.
The opening paragraphs of the original version, reprinted by the London Evening Post, and the revised BBC version are identical. They begin:
The Archbishop of Canterbury has made a detour of more than 8,000 miles to visit Kenya - on his way to Iceland. Archbishop Justin Welby, who arrived on Saturday night, gave sermons at All Saints Cathedral on Sunday morning. He made the "last-minute" 24-hour trip to offer condolences after the Westgate centre attack, Lambeth Palace said.He is also meeting conservative Church leaders who are in Nairobi for this week's conference of the traditionalist Anglican lobby group, Gafcon.
The story offers background on the trip to Iceland and the al-Shabaab terror attack on the Westgate Mall in Nairobi. And then more details about the trip are added:
Archbishop Welby delivered sermons at 09:30 and 11:00 before having lunch with the Archbishop of Kenya and five Kenyan bishops. GAFCON2013 – the second such conference – will starts today and runs till Saturday. The original conference – held in Jerusalem in June 2008 – was organised in response to the appointment of actively gay men and women as bishops, especially in the US.
The stories then diverge. The original version stated:
Through the GAFCON movement, conservative Anglican provinces – mostly in parts of Africa but some in South and North America, Asia and the Middle East- have begun to function independently of the official Anglican Communion.
The revised version states:
Through the Gafcon movement, conservative Anglican provinces - mostly in parts of Africa but some in South and North America, Asia and the Middle East - have begun to function outside the authority of the Archbishop of Canterbury.
And at the bottom of the revision we read this correction:
Correction 21 Oct 2013: This story has been amended to clarify that Gafcon remains within the Anglican Communion.
The problem here is the correction still is incorrect. As the correction notes the Gafcon movement remains within the Anglican Communion. To say they are acting "independently" is false. The churches who comprise the Gafcon movement represent the majority of all Anglicans. The correction stating they are outside the authority of the Archbishop of Canterbury misunderstands the role of the office of the archbishop. He is not a pope nor are Anglicans outside the Church of England under his authority -- and within the Church of England his authority is over the Province of Canterbury. The Archbishop of York holds authority in the Province of York. In short, the Archbishop of Canterbury has no more authority over Anglicans outside England than I, or you, do.
I should also note the facts presented in the story are false. For example, the BBC reports the archbishop had lunch "with the Archbishop of Kenya and five Kenyan bishops". Yes, he did have lunch with these six people, but he also had lunch with the British High Commissioner, six other archbishops and a dozen or so Anglican worthies. I don't know where the BBC got this information, but it certainly didn't come from Nairobi.
And, the statement that the archbishop flew to Nairobi to offer support to the Kenyan people in the wake of the Westgate Mall bombing is false. It is not false in the sense that this is what the Lambeth Palace Press Office reported, but what Lambeth Palace said was untrue. If the BBC had bothered to contact the Gafcon conference organizers they would have learned the archbishop asked if he could meet the primates before the Westgate bombing took place.
How do I know this? I am in Nairobi reporting on the conference and I asked.
I might also add that in his sermons to the congregation of All Saints Cathedral the archbishop did not talk about al-Shabaab or terror. He spoke of Kenya's Heroes' Day (20 Oct) that commemorates the struggle against British colonial rule. He then focused on the Anglican Communion and the Gafcon conference. Nor did he visit the Mall or meet with ordinary Kenyans outside the cathedral.
By relying upon a single source and not verifying the information independently, the BBC propounded a false narrative. By being one sided and repeating information uncritically, the BBC let down the side.
A caveat, I may be violating one of Get Religion's rules by reporting on a story in which I am peripherally involved. I am covering the conference for the church press and also appeared on the BBC's Sunday programme after Archbishop Wabukala of Kenya offering my take on the latest perils of the Anglican Communion.
Ronald Reagan was right: trust but verify.